Laparoscopic surgery, also known called minimal invasive surgery, hand aid or key hole surgery is a modern surgical technique. Laparoscopy is derived from Ancient Greek word by combining two words. Laparo Meaning ‘flank’ and Scopy Meaning ‘to examine’. Although commonly performed in patients with benign disease, laparoscopic surgery is also playing an expanding role in management of gynecological cancers. Laparoscopic procedures are usually performed in an effort to replicate procedures that have been successful in laparotomy with other added advantages.
Advantages of laparoscopy over laparotomy include shorter time, smaller scar, faster recovery, lesser pain and overall decreased cost. For most of the patients benefits of laparoscopic surgery is that it leaves them with much smaller scars than open surgery. In open abdominal surgery, depending upon the size of patients abdomen and the operation performed the incision can be 6 inches or even longer .With laparoscopic abdominal surgery, on the other hand, the surgeon makes few small incisions that are typically between few millimeters and a centimeter. Patients who opt for laparoscopic surgery avoid a long and obvious surgical scar that is cosmetically unappealing. Smaller incisions are less painful and heal faster than larger incisions, which mean quicker recovery. There are also less prone to incisional hernias for the long-run. There is less adhesions after laparoscopic surgery than after open abdominal surgery. The smaller incisions that are used allow you to heal faster and have smaller scar marks. The risk of infections is also lower than with open surgery. Taking about disadvantages of Laparoscopic surgery is that it can take longer to perform than open surgery (if not performed with right technique). The longer time under anesthesia may increase the risk of complications. Sometimes complications do not appear right away but occurs few days to few weeks after surgery. Problems that can occur with laparoscopy includes and a hernia (a bulge at incision sites), internal bleeding, damage to blood vessels or other organs, such as stomach, bowel bladder or ureters.